Yechan Sung

Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Fine and Decorative Art and Design

First Advisor

Eric Wolf

Second Advisor

Matthew Nichols


This paper explores the evolving paradigm of sustainable development in response to increasing issues such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and ozone depletion. Recognizing the inherent connection between architecture and nature, the study highlights the substantial benefits that nature provides for human habitation. A rising trend in organic or nature-inspired projects reflects the increasing prominence of contemporary architecture, which aims to harmonize human needs with the natural environment. The application of nature in architecture extends beyond aesthetics, encompassing well-being, sustainability, economic benefits, and climate resilience. These broader environment-friendly elements were meticulously incorporated into the architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, who illustrated insightful comparisons with contemporaneous architects and those who adopted similar methods in their structures, such as Gustave Effiel, Hector Guimard, and Frank Lloyd Wright. These comparatives analyze architectures within biomimicry, biomorphism, and biosynchronism, portraying how Gaudi’s distinctive approach aligns and diverges from his contemporaries' architectural styles, unveiling nature's profound influence on human creativity and problem-solving ingenuity. Antoni Gaudi’s works, particularly his unique approach to biosynchronism, transcend mere imitation of nature's forms by successfully integrating fundamental natural phenomena into structures. Gaudi's ability to harmoniously blend nature's principles into architectural innovations is compared with other architects of his era, affirming his distinctive capability.